1. A. Malayeri, M. Mohseni, B. Cairns, J. Bolton, ‘Fluence (UV Dose) Required to Achieve Incremental Log Inactivation of Bacteria, Protozoa, Viruses and Algae’, in IUVA News, vol. 18, September 2016, viewed on 1 May 2020,


2. N. Reed, ‘The History of Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation for Air Disinfection’, in Public health reports, vol.125(1), 2010, viewed on 1 May 2020,


3. D. Anderson, M Gergen, E. Smathers, D. Sexton, L. Chen, D. Weber, W. Rutala, CDC Prevention Epicenters Program, ‘Decontamination of Targeted Pathogens from Patient Rooms Using an Automated Ultraviolet-C-Emitting Device’, in Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, vol. 34(5), May 2013, viewed on 1 May 2020,


4. ‘Ultraviolet (UV) radiation’ in World Health Organisation Newsroom, March 2016, viewed on 7 May 2020,


5. P. Hockberger, ‘History of Ultraviolet Photobiology’, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine Department of Physiology, 2002, viewed on 7 May 2020,


6. D-H. Kwon, J-D. Moon, W-J. Park, W-Y. Kang, S-H. Kim, H-M. Lim, J-S. Ahn, H-J. Chae, ‘Case series of keratitis in poultry abattoir workers induced by exposure to the ultraviolet disinfection lamp’, in Ann Occup Environ Med, January  2016, viewed on 7 May 2020,


7. E. Stewart, K. Mead, R. Olmsted, J.Pantelic, L. Schoen, C. Sekhar, W. Vernon, Y. Li, Z.M. Sultan, W. Conlan, ‘ASHRAE position Document on Infection Aerosols’, April 2020, viewed on 10 June 2020,


8. M.E.R. Darnell, K. Subbarao, S.M. Feinstone, D.R. Taylor, ‘Inactivation of the coronavirus that induces severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS-CoV’, in J Virol Methods, vol. 121(1),  October 2004, viewed on 12 May 2020,


9. B. Casini, B. Tuvo, M.L. Cristina, A.M. Spagnolo, M. Totaro, A. Baggiani, G.P. Privitera, ‘Evaluation of an Ultraviolet C (UVC) Light-Emitting Device for Disinfection of High Touch Surfaces in Hospital Critical Areas’, in Int J Environ Res Public Health, vol. 16(19), October 2019,  viewed on 16 May 2020,


10. ‘Ultraviolet air and surface treatment’ in ASHRAE handbook- HVAC Applications, chapter 62, 2019, viewed on 16 May 2020,

We're here to help.

Get in touch.